Federal Skilled Trades Program

Minimum requirements

To be eligible, you must:
Meet the required language levels for each language ability:

  • writing
  • reading
  • listening
  • speaking.

Have at least 2 years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience) in a skilled trade within the 5 years before you apply,
Meet the job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification, except for needing a certificate of qualification.
Have a valid job offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least 1 year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority.

Skilled work experience

Skilled trades for the Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these groups of the National Occupational Classification (NOC):

  • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades
  • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades
  • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
  • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
  • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks
  • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers

The major NOC groups are subdivided into different occupations, and they are all skill type B.
You must show that you performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the NOC. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.
If you do not show that your experience meets the description in the NOC, we won’t accept your application.
Federal Skilled Trades Program applications must be made based on the 2016 version of the NOC.

Education

There is no education requirement for the Federal Skilled Trades Program. But, if you want to improve your rank in the Express Entry pool, there are 2 ways you can do this.
If you went to school in Canada, you can get points for a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:

  • Secondary (high school) or
  • Post-secondary school

OR
If you have foreign education, you can get points for:

  • A completed foreign credential, and
  • An Educational Credential Assessment report from an approved agency showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
  • Secondary (high school) or
  • Post-secondary school

Language ability

You must meet the minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, and Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 for reading and writing
If the client is taking an IELTS exam they will have to score at least 5.0 in Speaking and Listening and 4.0 in Reading and Writing.
Take approved language tests for:

  • Writing 
  • reading
  • listening
  • speaking

Enter the test results in your Express Entry profile
Your language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.

Admissibility

 

You must be admissible to Canada.

 

Where you can live in Canada

You must plan to live outside the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers. If you plan on living in Quebec, see Quebec-selected skilled workers for more information.

Get assessed by the province or territory

You will likely have to go to the province or territory to be assessed for your trade. You may also need an employer in Canada to give you experience and training.

To learn more about getting assessed, you should go to the website of the body that governs trades for the province/territory where you would like to live and work. The process is different depending on where you want to go.
Each website has more details about certificates of qualification to work in that province or territory in a specific skilled trade, and what you have to do to get one.

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Nunavut
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon
  •  

If your trade is not regulated by a province or territory (for example, airplane mechanic), it may be federally regulated. You can find out who regulates your trade by visiting The Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials website.

Proof of Funds – Skilled Immigrants (Express Entry)

You must show that you have enough money to settle in Canada to meet the minimum requirements of:

  • the Federal Skilled Worker Program or
  • the Federal Skilled Trades Program

You can’t borrow this money from another person. You must be able to use this money to pay the costs of living for your family (even if they aren’t coming with you).
If your spouse is coming with you, you can count money you have together in a joint account. You may be able to count money in an account under their name only, but you must prove you have access to the money.
If you are invited to apply, you must give written proof that you have this money.
You don’t need to show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family to meet the program requirements of the Canadian Experience Class (this includes provincial nominees who are part of the CEC stream).
Note that you do not need proof of funds if you are currently:

  • authorized to work in Canada and
  • have a valid job offer

Keep your funds up-to-date in your profile. The system may find that you are eligible for more than one program. You don’t always know ahead of time which program you will be invited under.
How much money you will need
The amount of money you need to support your family is set by the size of your family. To calculate the size of your family you must include:

  • yourself
  • your spouse or partner
  • your dependent children and
  • your spouse’s dependent children
  • This includes your spouse or dependent children who are permanent residents or Canadian citizens.

You will need to show proof that you have enough money when you apply to immigrate. This table shows the minimum amount you need. If you have more money, you should list the full amount in your profile or application.

Number of Funds Required (in Canadian dollars)
1 $12,475
2 $15,531
3 $19,093
4 $23,181
5 $26,292
6 $29,652
7 $33,014
For each additional family member $3,361

What we accept as proof

Funds must be readily available to you. For example, you can't use equity on real property as proof of settlement funds.
The funds must be available both when you apply and when (if) we issue you a permanent resident visa. You must prove to an immigration officer that you can legally access them to use to settle here when you arrive.
For proof, you must get official letters from any banks or financial institutions where you are keeping money.
Letter(s) must:

  • be printed on the financial institution’s letterhead
  • include their contact information (address, telephone number and email address)
  • include your name
  • list outstanding debts such as credit card debts and loans
  • include, for each current bank and investment account:
  • account numbers
  • the date each account was opened
  • the current balance of each account
  • the average balance for the past six months

List of Eligible Professions

The following occupations, all of which are classified as National Occupational Classification (NOC) Skill Level B, are eligible for the Canada Skilled Trades Program. NOC Skill Type B jobs are skilled trades and technical jobs that typically require a college diploma or apprenticeship training.

In general, prospective immigrants who are skilled in trades that are in high demand in Canada, such as welders, electricians, machinists, cooks, carpenters, mechanics and plumbers, are qualified for immigration to Canada through this program. We have listed all the eligible occupations for the Federal Skilled Trades Program Canada below, including the official NOC job code pertaining to each.

Minor Group 632 - Chefs and cooks

  • 6321 Chefs
  • 6322 Cooks

Minor Group 633 - Butchers and bakers

  • 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers - retail and wholesale
  • 6332 Bakers

Major Group 72 - Industrial, electrical and construction trades

Minor Group 720 - Contractors and supervisors, industrial, electrical and construction trades and related workers

  • 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
  • 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
  • 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
  • 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
  • 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers

Minor Group 723 - Machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades

  • 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
  • 7232 Tool and die makers
  • 233 Sheet metal workers
  • 7234 Boilermakers
  • 7235 Structural metal and plate-work fabricators and fitters
  • 7236 Ironworkers
  • 7237 Welders and related machine operators

Minor Group 724 - Electrical trades and electrical power line and telecommunications workers

  • 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 7242 Industrial electricians
  • 7243 Power system electricians
  • 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
  • 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
  • 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
  • 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians

Minor Group 725 - Plumbers, pipefitters and gas fitters

  • 7251 Plumbers
  • 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
  • 7253 Gas fitters

Minor Group 727 - Carpenters and cabinetmakers

  • 7271 Carpenters
  • 7272 Cabinetmakers

Minor Group 728 - Masonry and plastering trades

  • 7281 Bricklayers
  • 7282 Concrete finishers
  • 7283 Tilesetters
  • 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers

Minor Group 729 - Other construction trades

  • 7291 Roofers and shinglers
  • 7292 Glaziers
  • 7293 Insulators
  • 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
  • 7295 Floor covering installers

Major Group 73 - Maintenance and equipment operation trades

Minor Group 730 - Contractors and supervisors, maintenance trades and heavy equipment and transport operators

  • 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
  • 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
  • 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
  • 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
  • 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators

Minor Group 731 - Machinery and transportation equipment mechanics (except motor vehicle)

  • 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
  • 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
  • 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
  • 7314 Railway carmen/women
  • 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
  • 7316 Machine fitters
  • 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics

Minor Group 732 - Automotive service technicians

  • 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
  • 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers

Minor Group 733 - Other mechanics and related repairers

  • 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
  • 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
  • 7333 Electrical mechanics
  • 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
  • 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers

Minor Group 736 - Train crew operating occupations

  • 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
  • 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women

Minor Group 737 - Crane operators, drillers and blasters

  • 7371 Crane operators
  • 7372 Drillers and blasters - surface mining, quarrying and construction
  • 7373 Water well drillers

Minor Group 738 - Printing press operators and other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.

  • 7381 Printing press operators
  • 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.

Major Group 82 - Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production

Minor Group 821 - Supervisors, logging and forestry

  • 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry

Minor Group 822 - Contractors and supervisors, mining, oil and gas

  • 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
  • 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services

Minor Group 823 - Underground miners, oil and gas drillers and related occupations

  • 8231 Underground production and development miners
  • 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers

Minor Group 824 - Logging machinery operators

  • 8241 Logging machinery operators

Minor Group 825 - Contractors and supervisors, agriculture, horticulture and related operations and services

  • 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
  • 8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services

Minor Group 826 - Fishing vessel masters and fishermen/women

  • 8261 Fishing masters and officers
  • 8262 Fishermen/women

Major Group 92 - Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators

Minor Group 921 - Supervisors, processing and manufacturing occupations

  • 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
  • 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
  • 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
  • 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
  • 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
  • 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing

Minor Group 922 - Supervisors, assembly and fabrication

  • 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
  • 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
  • 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
  • 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
  • 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
  • 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly

Minor Group 923 - Central control and process operators in processing and manufacturing

  • 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
  • 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
  • 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators

Minor Group 924 - Utilities equipment operators and controllers

  • 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
  • 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators

List of Eligible Professions

The following occupations, all of which are classified as National Occupational Classification (NOC) Skill Level B, are eligible for the Canada Skilled Trades Program. NOC Skill Type B jobs are skilled trades and technical jobs that typically require a college diploma or apprenticeship training.

In general, prospective immigrants who are skilled in trades that are in high demand in Canada, such as welders, electricians, machinists, cooks, carpenters, mechanics and plumbers, are qualified for immigration to Canada through this program. We have listed all the eligible occupations for the Federal Skilled Trades Program Canada below, including the official NOC job code pertaining to each.

Minor Group 632 - Chefs and cooks

  • 6321 Chefs
  • 6322 Cooks

Minor Group 633 - Butchers and bakers

  • 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers - retail and wholesale
  • 6332 Bakers

Major Group 72 - Industrial, electrical and construction trades

Minor Group 720 - Contractors and supervisors, industrial, electrical and construction trades and related workers

  • 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
  • 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
  • 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
  • 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
  • 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers

Minor Group 723 - Machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades

  • 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
  • 7232 Tool and die makers
  • 233 Sheet metal workers
  • 7234 Boilermakers
  • 7235 Structural metal and plate-work fabricators and fitters
  • 7236 Ironworkers
  • 7237 Welders and related machine operators

Minor Group 724 - Electrical trades and electrical power line and telecommunications workers

  • 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 7242 Industrial electricians
  • 7243 Power system electricians
  • 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
  • 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
  • 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
  • 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians

Minor Group 725 - Plumbers, pipefitters and gas fitters

  • 7251 Plumbers
  • 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
  • 7253 Gas fitters

Minor Group 727 - Carpenters and cabinetmakers

  • 7271 Carpenters
  • 7272 Cabinetmakers

Minor Group 728 - Masonry and plastering trades

  • 7281 Bricklayers
  • 7282 Concrete finishers
  • 7283 Tilesetters
  • 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers

Minor Group 729 - Other construction trades

  • 7291 Roofers and shinglers
  • 7292 Glaziers
  • 7293 Insulators
  • 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
  • 7295 Floor covering installers

Major Group 73 - Maintenance and equipment operation trades

Minor Group 730 - Contractors and supervisors, maintenance trades and heavy equipment and transport operators

  • 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
  • 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
  • 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
  • 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
  • 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators

Minor Group 731 - Machinery and transportation equipment mechanics (except motor vehicle)

  • 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
  • 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
  • 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
  • 7314 Railway carmen/women
  • 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
  • 7316 Machine fitters
  • 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics

Minor Group 732 - Automotive service technicians

  • 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
  • 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers

Minor Group 733 - Other mechanics and related repairers

  • 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
  • 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
  • 7333 Electrical mechanics
  • 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
  • 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers

Minor Group 736 - Train crew operating occupations

  • 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
  • 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women

Minor Group 737 - Crane operators, drillers and blasters

  • 7371 Crane operators
  • 7372 Drillers and blasters - surface mining, quarrying and construction
  • 7373 Water well drillers

Minor Group 738 - Printing press operators and other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.

  • 7381 Printing press operators
  • 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.

Major Group 82 - Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production

Minor Group 821 - Supervisors, logging and forestry

  • 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry

Minor Group 822 - Contractors and supervisors, mining, oil and gas

  • 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
  • 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services

Minor Group 823 - Underground miners, oil and gas drillers and related occupations

  • 8231 Underground production and development miners
  • 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers

Minor Group 824 - Logging machinery operators

  • 8241 Logging machinery operators

Minor Group 825 - Contractors and supervisors, agriculture, horticulture and related operations and services

  • 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
  • 8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services

Minor Group 826 - Fishing vessel masters and fishermen/women

  • 8261 Fishing masters and officers
  • 8262 Fishermen/women

Major Group 92 - Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators

Minor Group 921 - Supervisors, processing and manufacturing occupations

  • 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
  • 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
  • 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
  • 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
  • 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
  • 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing

Minor Group 922 - Supervisors, assembly and fabrication

  • 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
  • 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
  • 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
  • 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
  • 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
  • 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly

Minor Group 923 - Central control and process operators in processing and manufacturing

  • 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
  • 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
  • 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators

Minor Group 924 - Utilities equipment operators and controllers

  • 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
  • 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators